ADR regulations in Spain:
Until 1998 the ADR was of exclusive application to the international transport of dangerous goods; while at the national level the normative regulation was that contained in the National Regulation on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road of 1992 and known by the acronym TPC.
However, Council Directive 94/55/EC, on the approximation of European legislation concerning the transport of dangerous goods by road, required the application of the ADR rules to domestic transport, although it allowed some specific differences to be maintained for particular cases.
ADR does not apply to private individuals:
The ADR does not apply to the carriage of dangerous goods by private individuals when they are packaged for retail sale and intended for personal or domestic use or for leisure or sporting activities provided that measures are taken to prevent leakage of the contents under normal conditions of carriage.
When these goods are flammable liquids transported in refillable containers filled by or for a private individual, the total quantity shall not exceed 60 liters per container and 240 liters per transport unit.
Material identification number; UN number
- 4-digit number officially assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on Dangerous Substances and included in the ADR. Classification and hazard identification number. Two or three digit number. The first digit indicates the main hazard (the class to which it belongs), the second and third digits indicate subsidiary hazards.
- Repeated digits generally indicate an intensification of the hazard (e.g. 33, 66, 88, etc.).
- When the letter X precedes the identification number, it indicates that the substance reacts dangerously with water (e.g. X88).
- When the hazard of a substance is sufficiently indicated by a single number, it is completed with a zero (e.g. 30, 40, 50, etc.).
- Classes 1 (explosives) and 7 (radioactive) have limited quantities that can be transported depending on the type of goods and within all of them there are a few materials that are not transportable by road due to the risk they pose, i.e. they must be transported desensitized or manufactured on the site where they are needed.
In addition, there is a limitation for transporting materials of different classes together, especially explosives with other goods.
Royal Decree 1566/1999, on safety advisors for the transport of dangerous goods by road, rail or inland waterway, requires that companies transporting dangerous goods by road or which are responsible for loading or unloading operations linked to such transport, must designate, depending on the mode of transport and the goods transported, at least one safety advisor responsible for contributing to the prevention of risks to persons, property or the environment inherent to such activities.
ADR states that "Any company whose activity involves the transport of dangerous goods by road, or the packaging, loading, filling or unloading operations related to these transports, shall appoint one or more safety advisors, responsible for assisting in the prevention of risks to persons, property or the environment, inherent to these activities".
The duties of the Safety Advisor, under the responsibility of the head of the company, are to investigate any means and promote any action, within the limits of the activities related to the company, to facilitate the execution of these activities respecting the applicable provisions and in optimal safety conditions. Its functions will be the following:
To examine that the provisions relating to the transport of dangerous goods are respected;
To advise the company on operations concerning the transport of dangerous goods;
To draw up an annual report to the company's management or, where appropriate, to the local public authority, on the company's activities relating to the transport of dangerous goods. The report must be kept for 5 years and made available to the national authorities.
The companies must communicate in an officialized model, both to the Ministry of Public Works and to the Autonomous Community, who is their safety advisor, as well as any modification that may exist.
a) Vehicle documentation
In addition to the documents required in general: Transport Cards, ITV in force, Driving License, certain types of vehicles must carry the ADR Approval Certificate.
b) Cargo documentation
All cargo classified as dangerous goods and transported in accordance with the provisions of the ADR must be accompanied by the following documents during transport:
(b.1) Waybill, legibly specifying:
the UN number of the goods preceded by the letters UN
the name of the goods being transported
the number and description of the packages
the quantity loaded
the packing group
the identification of the consignor and consignee
It is mandatory to have a waybill in the case of containers, tanks, etc. that are empty and uncleaned.
b.2) Written instructions that, in anticipation of any accident or incident that may arise in the course of transport, provides the driver with instructions to be followed, specifying in a concise manner:
the name of the substance, the class and the UN number (or UN numbers if there are several)
the nature of the hazard presented by the substance(s)
additional or special measures to be taken in the event of leakage or spillage
the equipment necessary for the application of special measures
These instructions shall be provided by the carrier to the vehicle crew prior to departure in a language or languages that each member can read and understand. The carrier shall ensure that each crew member of the vehicle concerned understands the instructions and is able to apply them correctly.
Before the journey begins, the members of the vehicle crew shall inform themselves about the dangerous goods loaded and consult the written instructions on the actions to be taken in the event of an accident or emergency.
The written instructions, which shall conform to an official four-page model, shall be carried, within easy reach, in the cab of the vehicle.
For the transport of dangerous goods in quantities exceeding those indicated as exempted in the ADR, it is necessary to carry:
Two orange approved Panels on a vertical plane (whose base is 40 cm, height not less than 30 cm. And with a black border of 15 mm), showing the hazard and UN No.. The hazard identification number shall appear on the upper part of the panel, and the identification number of the material on the lower part. These panels shall be fixed one at the front of the vehicle and the other at the rear and shall be clearly visible.
b) Hazard labels
Manufacturers and shippers of the hazardous materials specified in the ADR are obliged to install the corresponding labels of the transported product(s) on containers and packages. ADR hazardous materials labels and ADR labels.
They must bear the number or figures (and for Class 1 goods - explosives - the letter of the compatibility group), in figures at least 25 mm high.
Tank vehicles, tank containers, portable tanks, special vehicles or containers or specially prepared vehicles or containers, for which a marking is required for substances transported hot, must bear, on each side and at the rear in the case of vehicles, and on all four sides in the case of containers, tank containers or portable tanks, a triangular-shaped marking with sides measuring at least 25 cm and having a triangular shape, with a red border, white background and a thermometer schematic inside.