This year topic is focused in the slaughter, the capture and the illegal trade of the birds.
The International Migratory Bird Day is celebrated every year the second weekend of May. That date was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), for the purpose of bringing awareness on conserving migratory birds and their habitats.
The main reason why the birds are moving is to feed themselves, due to the food is not always available at the same place depending on the weather conditions.
This year the International Migratory Bird Day’s topic is focused in the slaughter, the capture and the illegal trade of the birds. Millions of migratory birds are killed every year by human actions before reaching their breeding or hibernation place. Is an especially serious problem the illegal hunting of this traveler birds, above all in the Mediterranean Basin. In Spain, close to five million of migratory birds die because of this. Opening fire on birds in their migratory travel is absolutely untenable: at that moment, the group has suffered several deaths after two migration trips and the winter.
Also, migratory birds are facing the climate changes and the global warming, what has caused important changes in the migration strategies; light pollution; human infrastructures and air and water contamination. Another worrying issue is the mass expansion of different ways of generating and distributing electricity: crashes and electrocutions to power lines, and infrastructural energetic barriers are a death and a moving cause.
Birds are victims of damaging effects of the degradation and the lost of their habitats, and other disorders as a result of a mass deployment in hydroelectric power plants, bioenergy, ocean, solar, wind power, and geothermal energy.