The recent seismic series in the Alboran Sea reopens the debate about the existence of the risk of tsunamis in the Mediterranean, always attenuated.
Unlike the great oceans and, most especially, the Pacific; In which this type of events can reach absolutely catastrophic magnitudes, it is no less true that the Mediterranean Sea, although not having a geomorphology capable of equating them, can be affected by a marine underground (and other factors) Of a tsunami.
In addition to the possible negative consequences in the tourism sector – due to the high vulnerability that, even in modest episodes, could have the users of the water sheet of an affected beach – the impacts of more relevance could be circumscribed to the port area: not in vain The tsunami causes a “emptying of port” with currents capable of carrying, in their initial withdrawal from the waters, docks and boats tied to them. This phenomenon was already observed as a result of the tsunamis generated by the earthquake in Algeria between May 21 and 27, 2003, as reflected by the National Geographic Institute in its event tables for tsunami risk.
Likewise, a sudden change in the draft of the springs can cause accidental spills in operations of loading and unloading of potentially dangerous materials, thus activating the Inland Marine Plans of the port facilities and, depending on the severity of the incident , The PIM itself Of the Port Authority or even the National Maritime Plan. This is particularly relevant in the Mediterranean where differences in draft as a consequence of the tides are rather scarce.
We are therefore facing a risk of civil protection that affects – and much – the National Pollution Response System and whose effective management could have a technically viable solution consisting of the integration of the Maritime Interior Plan – once approved by its Regulatory procedure – in the Self-Protection Plan of the facility required to dispose of it.
Undoubtedly, this type of merger – feasible and feasible, according to the precepts of the Basic Regulation of Self-protection – can generate a more efficient management of this type of situations of “side-effects” by providing a framework of Prevention and integral response and integration of natural hazards (tsunamis) as sources of danger of environmental risks, as is the case of derivatives by accidental marine pollution.